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Alex Haines specialises in international law, particularly in the extensive field of international organisations law. His practice areas include sanctions, corruption and the institutional law of international organisations more generally (including international administrative law). He has advised on the sanctions regimes of the UN, EU, US and UK, as well as those of the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs). He regularly represents clients and litigates before international tribunals and bodies around the world, including Washington DC, New York City, London, Geneva, Luxembourg and Manila. The cases he has been instructed in have involved more than 25 international organisations, including the UN, the World Bank Group, the European Investment Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, the World Food Programme, the International Maritime Organisation and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
Alex has lectured on the sanctions proceedings of MDBs to a number of institutions including the Brazilian Bar Association (Rio, 2014), the British Chamber of Commerce (Hong Kong, 2015), the Korean Bar Association (Seoul, 2016), the Shanghai Bar Association (Shanghai, 2016), the English Law Week (Mexico City, 2018), and he was a panellist at the 35th International Symposium on Economic Crime at Jesus College (University of Cambridge, 2017). His work on sanctions has continued through his efforts with Transparency International’s Suspension and Debarment Taskforce and Oxford International Organisations (OXIO), a new Oxford University Press database.
Alex has also lectured on international administrative law and the immunities of international organisations at the universities of Exeter, City of London, Brasilia, Hong Kong, Paris I, Pantheon-Sorbonne and Paris II, Pantheon-Assas, and King’s College. He has also lectured on immunities at the Stockholm Centre for International Law and Justice and on the appeals systems of international organisations at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg for the 50th Anniversary of its Administrative Tribunal.
In February 2018, Alex sat and passed the New York Bar examination, and plans to be admitted in early 2019. He is a member of both the Bar Council International Committee and the New York State Bar Association. In England and Wales, he is also registered for direct access with the public and qualified for litigation.
- Currently co-drafting a chapter on UK, UN and EU Sanctions for Smith, Owen, and Bodnar on Asset Recovery (Criminal Confiscation and Civil Recovery).
- The International Administrative Law Centre of Excellence Legitimacy Index (all four editions: 2014-2017 – www.ialcoe.org/legitimacy-index).
- Headnote: Sanctions Procedures of the African Development Bank Group, 18th November 2014, OXIO 101 (OUP) (http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/OXIO).
- Headnote: Statute of the Administrative Tribunal of the Inter-American Development Bank Group, 27th February 2013, OXIO 152 (OUP) (http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/OXIO).
- Headnote: World Bank Sanctions Procedures, 15th April 2012, OXIO 41 (OUP) (http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/OXIO).
- Headnote: Appeals Procedures of the Administrative Tribunal of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1st January 2007, OXIO 200 (OUP) (http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/OXIO).
- Headnote: Statute of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Monetary Fund, 15th October 1991, OXIO 348 (OUP) (http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/OXIO).
- The Nature of the Beast – A Comparison Between International Administrative Tribunals, Federation of International Civil Servants’ Associations, ‘Focus on FICSA’, 2018 Edition.
Alex’s practice includes international sanctions, fraud and corruption, especially in the context of international organisations. He has a broad and intricate understanding of MDBs and IFIs and their sanctions regimes, as well as the intersection between UN, EU, US and UK sanctions. His practice consists of advocacy (both written and oral), litigation, investigations and advisory work. He has represented companies and individuals before both the World Bank’s Sanctions Board and the Asian Development Bank’s Integrity Oversight Committee and, between 2014 and 2017, he was instructed by the Integrity and Anti-Corruption Department of the African Development Bank in Abidjan in a complex international corruption case which was jointly investigated by the US Securities and Exchange Commission.
Alex has experience assisting with negotiated resolution agreements and voluntary disclosure issues, and he has been instructed to redesign integrity compliance programmes so that they are compliant with the IFIs’ Anti-Corruption Task Force guidelines. Alex also assists with representing consultants in audits and investigations conducted by the World Bank, IFI referrals to national authorities, mitigating risks of cross-debarment under the Cross-Debarment Agreement, post-sanction representation and assistance including representation before the World Bank’s Integrity Compliance Office, and advising on the privileges and immunities of IFIs.
Alex regularly appears and litigates before the International Administrative Tribunals of international organisations on behalf of both international civil servants (class actions, individuals seeking relief from administrative decisions on the basis of discrimination or unfair dismissal, and whisleblowers who have been retaliated against for coming forward and shedding light on reprehensible practices) and the organisations themselves. He is currently standing counsel to the Black Sea Trade and Development Bank (BSTDB) in Thessaloniki, and he is on the list of approved counsel at the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO) in Vienna. In September 2018, Alex gave a talk on the internal justice systems of international organisations to the Staff Associations of eight MDBs, including the World Bank. Alex also represents employees who are being investigated for sanctionable practices by their employer organisation.
Alex has appeared before the following International Administrative Tribunals, as well as a number of grievance committees, boards of appeal, joint disciplinary committees and appeals boards:
- World Bank Administrative Tribunal (WBAT) (for staff)
- United Nations Appeals Tribunal (UNAT) (for staff)
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Administrative Tribunal (EBRDAT) (for staff)
- Inter-American Development Bank Administrative Tribunal (IDBAT) (for staff)
- Asian Development Bank Administrative Tribunal (ADBAT) (for staff)
- International Labour Organisation Administrative Tribunal (ILOAT) (for staff)
- Commonwealth Secretariat Arbitral Tribunal (CSAT) (for the organisation)
- Black Sea Trade and Development Bank Administrative Tribunal (BSTDBAT) (for the organisation)
Alex also represents international civil servants including UN employees who find themselves in difficulties in field missions. He has a particular interest in the rights of women, having represented victims of sexual harassment and maternity discrimination, and he assisted victims and journalist (in particular from the Guardian and New York Times) at the beginning of 2018 in the wake of the investigations into a culture of impunity within certain international organisations. Alex has worked with the charities Penal Reform International and Advocates for International Developments specifically on the rights of female abuse victims convicted of violent crime against their abusers.
Alex has been instructed in mediations, conciliations and settlement negotiations. He is experienced in mediations with an international dimension, having been instructed in class actions against a large Multilateral Development Bank headquartered in Washington DC. His 140 clients were employees from ten Regional Offices in Central America, South America and the Caribbean, and the mediation sessions, which involved the right of the employees to allocate a percentage of their salaries to their credit union accounts, were held in Spanish and English.
Alex is currently instructed by the staff association of the European Investment Bank in Luxembourg in a complex conciliation process.
Alex is open to and welcomes instructions as a lawyer representing parties in mediation and conciliation in the ADR processes operated by the various international organisations around the world.
Appointments & Memberships
- Member of the Bar Council International Committee
- Rapporteur for Oxford International Organisations (OXIO), Oxford University Press
- Transparency International’s Suspension and Debarment Taskforce team member
- UN Office of Staff Legal Assistance (OSLA) volunteer lawyer
- Member of the New York State Bar Association
- Diploma from the International Institute of Humanitarian Law, Sanremo, on the Law of Armed Conflict: 152nd International Military Course (2013) and 34th Advanced Course on IHL (2017).
- Hardwicke Scholar (Lincoln’s Inn)
- Scholarship for International Law Placement (Lincoln’s Inn)
- Pupillage Award (Lincoln’s Inn)
- Florida Advocacy Course Scholarship (South Eastern Circuit)
- Bar Council business development mission grant to Brazil (UKTI)
- Grant for Bar Council mission to Seoul and Shanghai (CBA)
- French (native)
- Spanish (fluent)
- Italian (basic)
Alex Haines is regulated by the Bar Standards Board (BSB) and holds a current practising certificate. If you are not satisfied with the service provided, please click here.